Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Recovering database from corrupt filegroups in SQL Server – Error 2522

If you are a database backend user in your organization, then you must be knowing how the size of the database increases immensely within a span of a few months. If yours is a growing organization, then the issue gets even more aggravated as you have to regularly maintain the database. For this purpose, SQL Server 2005 provides various options to support database growth. One of them is creating a filegroup that can loosely be termed as a logical storage unit containing the database objects that map to a file system file or multiple files. In this, additional disk drives are allocated to support estimated growth of the database. Then, the additional files can be shifted to these filegroups to spread the I/O over additional disks. However, even the filegroups-supported database can get corrupt due to various reasons. In such cases, you should replace corrupt database with its updated backup. However, if the backup is not available then you should consider using a SQL Database Recovery tool.

Consider a scenario wherein you have received the following error message when you open the SQL database:
“Unable to process index I_NAME of table O_NAME because filegroup F_NAME is invalid.”

The aforementioned message states that the index cannot be checked as one of the filegroup IDs, which is stored in the index metadata, does not exist.

The root cause of this error message is that the filegroup IDs stored in the metadata for an index do not exist so that index can not be checked. It may be possible that the database is corrupt.

To start off, you should check whether this error message is because of some hardware failures. You should run the hardware diagnostics, check the SQL Server error log, etc. If the error is not hardware-related then you should replace the database with an updated backup. However, if you do not have the backup then you should consider using a third-party SQL Server recovery tool to Recover SQL database.

SQL Recovery software is a robust tool that can perform SQL recovery on the databases created in MS SQL Server 2008, 2005, 2000. It employs fast and complex algorithms to scan the damaged area to repair the databases. The SQL database recovery tool is able to recover various database components such as identity, rules, tables, indexes, defaults, stored procedures. It can also recover database constraints such as primary key, foreign key, unique key, check, etc. It is compatible with Windows 7, Vista, 2003 Server, XP, 2000.

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